锚固件翻译稿

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楼主 2021-02-16 08:35:30
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锚固件的材质及样式

The Quality and Style of Anchorage



锚固件的种类繁多,当然制作锚固件的材料也很多。随着材料的发展,锚固件的应用也越来越多,需求多了,人们的要求也越来越多。但是万变不离其宗,不管怎么样的变化,人们对质量的要求始终不变。

Anchorage has multiple varieties and plenty of raw materials. As the material development, anchorage application is also increasingly more; the needs and the requirements for anchorage are also increasing. However, no matter what kind of changes, the requirements for quality always remain the same.

东锐锚固件的材质一般都是金属质地的,种类很多,当然种类多了结构的形式也是多种多样的,如果在网上搜索的话,你会搜出几十或者几百的与锚固件相关的话题。锚固件最主要的最用是固定。

Dongrui anchorage is commonly made of various metals, with multiple structural forms. If you search the anchorage on the Internet, you will find out dozens of or hundreds of topics relating to anchorage. Anchorage is most used to be fixation.

锚固件的样式一般可以分为一字型、十字型和L型的,材料一般有不锈钢锚固件、陶瓷锚固件和92氧化铝瓷锚固件,不锈钢锚固件是运用最多的锚固件,它的结构合理,锚固的非常牢固、可靠,而且安装起来也很方便快捷,所以很多人都选择了这种锚固件。

Anchorage in the style commonly can be divided into line-styled, cross-styled and L-styled. Anchorage generally has stainless steel anchorage, ceramic anchorage, and 92 alumina ceramic anchorages; stainless steel anchorage, the most used anchorage, is well-structured, firmly and reliable, easy to be installed, so many people choose this anchorage.

锚固件在人们的日常生活中运用的很多,锚固牢固的固件当然更受人们欢迎,它抗高温,适应温度范围广,一般是在800℃-1400℃。运用牢固,还可以固定连接。

Anchorage is also widely used in daily life, especially firm ones are well-received. Anchorage is of high temperature resistance, often used in wide temperature range of 800 °C - 1400 °C. It is firmly applied, and can also secure connection.


锚固件在建筑中的使用松动怎么办?

How to deal with the loosen anchorage in the construction?

锚固件在生产工作中的运用是很重要的,锚固件更是运用广泛,对于工作许多地方是不可缺少的。别看锚固件不大,但是对于我们的作用却是非常大的,不锈钢紧固件系列产品,广泛应用于石油、化工、食品、卫生、环保设备、电子电气、铁路、装饰装潢等各领域,由此就可见看出不锈钢紧固件对于我们的重要性。锚固件中建筑锚固件在混凝土基座出现风化、严重裂损、不密实等现象后,会出现松动的情况,进而导致机件震动加剧,影响机件的正常运转。采用传统方法修复,会导致停产时间增长,造成巨大经济损失。

Anchorage is very important in application of production and operation, always widely used and indispensable in life and work. Although it is small in size, it plays a big role. Stainless steel fastener series products are widely used in petroleum, chemical industry, food, hygiene, environmental protection equipment, electrical and electronic, railway, decoration etc. When concrete base is weathered, seriously rifted or not dense, building anchorage is likely to loosen, which in turn results in more violent mechanical vibration and affects the normal mechanical operation. The traditional methods for fixing will result in more cut-off time, causing huge economic losses.

建筑锚固件采用优质尼龙,复合塑料精制而成;抗震动,抗风化,抗断裂,牢固持久;可锤击敲入,施工方便,快捷,经济,安全;耐侯性能和抗老化性能好,在-40℃至+70℃温度环境中长期稳定。施工时,首先定位:保温板粘贴在墙体之后,确定锚固点位置;然后钻孔:穿过已就位的保温板,按规定尺寸钻孔(注意:入墙实际孔深应在6cm以上);再置入:将套管直接插于打好的钉孔至管盘与保温板靠紧;最后敲入:将钢钉用手锤敲于钉管中(钢钉应与保温板平行为准)。

Building anchorage is made of high quality nylon and composite plastic; it is vibration-resistant, weathering-resistant, breakage-resistant, firm and lasting; it can knock in and knock out, convenient in construction, fast, economic and safe; with good weather resistant performance and anti-aging performance, it has a long-term stability in the  temperature environment of - 40 °C to + 70 °C. During the construction, positioning comes first: after the insulation board is sticked to the wall, confirm the anchor point location; and then drill holes: pass the insulation board in place, and drill holes as specified sizes (Note: the actual hole depth into the wall shall be 6cm or more.); placement: plug the casing pipe directly into the well-drilled nail hole until the pipe plate and the insulation board are tightly close to each other; knock-in: knock the steel nail into the nail pipe with a hammer (The steel nail shall be parallel to the insulation board).

针对锚栓松动的故障,国外较为有效的修复方法是采用高分子复合材料,而国内引进最成熟的是美国美嘉华混凝土修复材料。材料自身所具有的抗冲击、抗压强度远远大于目前的混凝土材料,且具有抗多种化学介质的性能。其优越的粘着性能对混凝土的粘着力大于混凝土的自身强度(混凝土会被先拉碎),同时也粘着于钢及其他的粗糙表面,而且快速固化的性能,可为企业节省因停产而造成的损失。

For the loosen anchor bolt, the effective rehabilitation method at abroad is to adopt polymer composites, and the most mature material introduced in domestic China is American Micava concrete repair material.  The material itself has impact resistance and compressive strength far greater than that of the present concrete material. Further, it has the performance of chemical mediator resistance.  For its excellent adhesion performance, it has greater adhesive force to concrete than that of concrete itself (concrete will be pulled into pieces first.). At the same time, it adheres to steel and other coarse surface and then is fast solidified. Its performance can save the loss for enterprises as a result of production halts. 

锚栓常常与混凝土基座配合起到承载机器重量和负荷的作用,目的是保证机械平稳正常运行。混凝土结构所用锚栓的材质可为碳素钢、不锈钢或合金钢,应根据环境条件的差异及耐久性要求的不同,选用相应的品种。锚栓的性能应符合中华人民共和国建筑工业行业标准《混凝土用膨胀型、扩孔型建筑锚栓》的相关规定。

Anchor bolt often matches with concrete base to bear the load weight of the machine to ensure the normal smooth operation of the machine. Anchor bolt material used for concrete structure can be carbon steel, stainless steel or alloy steel, which shall be selected appropriately, based on different environmental conditions and durability requirements. The anchor bolt's performance should be in accordance with relevant provisions in Concrete Expansion and Undercut Building Anchor Bolt, the industrial standard of Building Industry of the People's Republic of China.


选择螺母时应注意的事项

Attentions in Nut Selection

选择螺母时,应同时考虑管道操作压力、操作温度、介质种类和垫片类型等因素。

Pipeline operating pressure, operating temperature, media types and gasket type shall be considered in nut selection.

垫片类型和操作压力、操作温度一样,都直接对紧固件材料强度提出了要求。例如,采用缠绕式垫片密封的低压剧毒介质管道的法兰连接,尽管管道的操作压力和温度都不高,但因为使缠绕式垫片形成初始密封时所需要的比压力较大,从而要求紧固件的承受载荷也大,因此,在这种情况下就要求紧固件采用高强度合金钢材料。 

Gasket type, operating pressure and operating temperature have concrete requirements for fastener material strength. For example, adoption of the flange connection with low-voltage toxic media pipeline in the wound gasket sealing. While the operating pressure and temperature of the pipeline are not high, the wound gasket needs great pressure in forming an initial sealing, so the fastener is required to bear great load. In this case, the fastener shall use high-strength alloy steel materials.  

合金钢螺柱均应采用高级优质钢.即材料牌号后均应加字母A,如35CrMoA、25CrMoVA 。 

Alloy steel studs should adopt high quality steels, namely, the material mark with the letter A, such as 35CrMoA, 25CrMoVA. 

根据结构型式的不同,螺栓可分为六角头螺栓和双头螺栓(又称为螺柱)两类,而双头螺栓又分为通丝和非通丝两种 。 

Based on the structure type, the bolt can be classified into hexagon bolt and dual-head bolt (also known as stud bolt); and dual-head bolt is divided into the harness cord and non-harness cord. 

六角头螺栓:常与平焊法兰和非金属垫片配合用于操作较缓和的工况下。六角头螺栓常用材料是BL3或者是Q235B; 

Hexagon bolt: It often matches with flat welding flange and non-metallic gasket to be used in mild operation conditions. Common material of hexagon bolt is BL3 or Q235B. 

双头螺栓:常与对焊法兰配合使用在操作条件比较苛刻的工况下,其中,因为通丝型双头螺栓上没有截面形状的变化,故其承载能力强。而非通丝型双头螺栓则相对承载能力较弱。 

Dual-head bolt: It often matches with the butt welding flange to be used in relatively harsh operation conditions. Since the harness cord type of dual-head bolt has no change in cross-section shape, it has a strong carrying capacity. Relatively speaking, the non-harness cord type of dual-head bolt has a weak carrying capacity. 

螺母材料常根据与其配合的螺栓材料确定,这些组合在一般的标准中都有规定。一般情况下,螺母材料应稍低于螺栓材料,并保证螺母硬度比螺栓硬度低HB30左右。

Nut materials usually depend on the matched bolt materials. These combinations are set forth in the general standards. In general, the hardness of nut material should be slightly lower than that of bolt material. Make sure that the nut hardness is roughly HB30 lower than the bolt hardness.

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